HORIZONTES

JOSÉ MARÍA YTURRALDE

For fourth time José María Yturralde presents his recent works in Galería Miguel Marcos “Horizontes, pinturas recientes” (Horizons, recent works). This show is characterized by formal sobriety, in which the space and colour seems to be the main characters. In every work there is a lot of existential questions like the origin, the empty, the infinite, the start and the end, and in this way, Yturralde’s work proposes a lot of questions.

The evolution of Yturralde’s work is notable. In his first works, the mix between science and art, maths and sensibility are combined in artistic movement of op art (born in USA in 1958). With his work, visual illusions are created through purely optical phenomena to generate a certain perceptual ambiguity. In recent comments, the artist explained that "the form apparently is disappearing in my work", and geometric structures, followed paintings where colour becomes paramount: first, almost monochrome, where red is red; then suggested and nuanced, where blue, for example, contains violet and grey areas.

This apparent trend towards the disappearance of the forms and the importance of colour and space is a reflection of a personal concern of José María Yturralde who said “approach the primal space, primary, related to the idea of chaos, emptiness, order and disorder; Eastern idea that a bit of nothing that could also assume Western science as well as the boundaries between what exists and what is not.”

Regarding to the pieces entitled Postludes, the author writes: “In the work I present I rely through the colour, on the metaphor of pulsed field”. So, he gains to highlight the interest of ineffable, the sublime and the absolute in painting. Postludes series was preceded by another series of Preludes, titles influenced by musical reference.

In this sense, is paradoxical that this works such reflexive invites both silence and music. Music has a remarkable role in the painter's work. Specifically in Postludes, because the space confronts us, we sharpen the ear to hear the harmonica music, which according to Pythagoras, the cosmos creates with its motion. In recent paintings, we also strive to listen the sound produced by the vibration of energy. These works are silent, but emanating a torrent of energy that can only take musical form, as the art of music also invokes the beautiful, the sublime and the ineffable.

In his other works on display, Izar, Dawn, Sirius or Horizon, we stand against the vacuum which, paradoxically, there seems to be born all, crossed by a line of colour, perhaps energy, perhaps drive. The colour of the horizon leads us to a certain mood. The importance of colour and its impact on our mood reminds us of Rothko, who believed that pure colour was the best way to express emotions, and, in turn, to the theories of abstraction of Kandinsky. Both, like José María Yturralde own, consider the colour acts directly on the soul and thus can produce deep emotions in the viewer.

Therefore, each frame exposed invites to reflection and contemplation, given its spiritual and emotional intensity. The work exudes a deep metaphysical content. Behind every box, we guess the questions “Where do we come from?” and “Where are we going?”. With these questions, the show invites viewers to reflect on the most important issues for human being. There is no more complete than this approach to get closer to understanding the meaning of life and nothingness.

All these works do not require explanations. The sense comes from the intimate experience between the picture and the observer. Abstract art seeks to find meaning to the eternal questions of history. Given the greatness of the issues in these tables and beat pictorial due to Yturralde’s domain each painting presents us with the abyss of the great ideas of aesthetics, that is, the sublime, the beautiful, the infinity… achieving this state of communion with the work and, therefore, with these existential questions means a pause in our busy lives. For a moment, we connect with the depths of Being; our mind fly away in search of answers and although certainly not find the words to explain, At the end of the day, in a reality where our life is full of questions, probably, the ability to feel is the most valuable.

JOSÉ MARÍA YTURRALDE (Cuenca, Spain, 1942): Doctor in Fine Arts by Universidad Politécnica de Valencia and Academic of Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Carlos de Valencia. Influenced by J. Albers, V. Vasarely, M.C. Escher, Sir R. Penrose and B. Fuller, in his works has combined art and science, for example in his impossible figures. His stage at MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) could define his scientific side. In Spain, was the first to use cyber art and also he realized works with laser and holography. He has created a lot of thing, one of them were the flight structures, which revolution the art world. In his recent works, he focuses on the colour and emotions and feelings. His work forms part of different public and private collections such as MNCARS, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía (Madrid, Spain),  IVAM, Institut Valencià d’Art Modern (Valencia, Spain), Museo de Arte Abstracto Español (Cuenca, Spain), Fundación Juan March (Palma de Mallorca, Spain), Colección Los Bragales (Santander, Spain) Colección De Pictura (Zaragoza, Spain), Brooklyn Museum (New York, USA.),  Museo Estatal de Arte de Novgorod (Rusia), Museo de Arte Contemporáneo (Vitória, Brasil), among others…